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Gebhardt Emerson Moddie Bonanno

Child and Family Investigator


When you and your co-parent are unable to reach resolution regarding parenting time or decision making, you may require a neutral third party to meet the members of your family, review relevant evidence, and use their expertise to make recommendations to the court.  This neutral investigator is known as a Child and Family Investigator (CFI). A CFI is appointed by the court, at the request of one or both parents, or upon the court’s own determination, and they produce a written report that the parties receive.  This report may assist the parties in settlement, and it will also be used by the court at a hearing if settlement is not possible.   

CFIs are usually attorneys or mental health professionals who are specifically trained in family law matters and child development. They are independent neutral third parties, so they do not represent either parent.  CFIs also do not represent your child(ren). A Child and Family Investigator is strictly tasked with investigating and making recommendations regarding what arrangements they believe are in the best interests of your child(ren).

Partners Erika Gebhardt and Meagan Moodie are experienced Child and Family Investigators. As knowledgeable family law attorneys, Erika and Meagan can either be appointed as a CFI in cases where they do not represent one of the parties, or, if you are a client of GEM Family Law, you have the benefit of their training and experience to provide insight into your case.  Each of our attorneys has experience working with CFIs and will help guide you through the often-nerve-wracking process.  Our attorneys will help you decide if a CFI may be required in your case.